Variables are a way to store a piece of data. Variables are a fundamental part of Python, as they are with any programming language. Variables have two components to them, the name and its value. Let's start by creating one.
Declaring a variable is incredibly simple in Python. It looks like this:
x = 1 y = "sabe.io" print(x) print(y)
Variables in Python are created by simply setting their values, that's it. Unlike in other programming languages, you do not need to specify the type of variable, it is done automatically for you.
Here are the rules for what are valid Python variable names:
- The variable name must begin with a letter or underscore
- The variable name cannot being with a number or symbol
- Throughout the entire variable name, it can only contain alpha-numeric characters with the only exception being underscores
With that in mind, here are some examples of valid Python variable names:
apples _apples _apples_
And here are examples of invalid Python variable names:
1apples app les $apples %apples
Python supports five standard data types. We've already seen two of them already, Numbers and String. Here is the entire list:
It is useful to know that you can get the type of a variable by using the
type method, like so:
x = 1 y = "sabe.io" print(type(x)) print(type(y))
<class 'int'> <class 'str'>
We'll get into lists, tuples, and dictionaries in later lessons.